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Dark Circle

Dark Circle

Dark circles
Periorbital pigmentation in common words is known as under eye dark circles. It is a very common problem nowadays. The condition involves the formation of light-to-dark coloured brownish black spots around the eyelids. It gives a tired look at a person and can affect his/her confidence.

Causes of periorbital pigmentation
Family history- the problem of periorbital pigmentation is considered to have a genetic basis. Many people have pigmentation around the periorbital area in several members of the family. The pigmentation starts early in childhood and gradually increases with age.
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation- a person suffering from frequent allergies may rub and scratch the skin around the eye which can cause pigmentation in that area.
Tear through deformity- the depressed area below the eyelid becomes prominent with age and gives the impression of under eye circles.
• Lack of proper sleep is one of the major causes of the development of under eye circles. Apart from that, stress, alcohol overuse and smoking also contribute to the problem.
• Ultraviolent (uv) rays from the sun can aggravate under eye circles.
• Regular and continuous use of spectacles or contact lenses can cause exhaustion of periorbital muscles, leading to the development of under eye circles.
Anaemia or lack of haemoglobin- when enough oxygen doesn’t reach the periorbital tissues, it can make the periorbital region look comparatively darker.
• Use of several drugs like oral contraceptives, hormone-replacement therapy can lead to periorbital hyperpigmentation.
• Several medical problems also aggravate the dark circles like disorders of heart, thyroid, kidney or liver, vitamin k deficiency and addison’s disease.

Treatment of periorbital pigmentation
Being such a prominent issue, curing dark circles is the mainstay. There are a number of treatments available which can help you to get rid of your dark circles. These treatments include-
Topical therapies: using creams containing hydroquinone, kojic acid, azelaic acid, topical retinoic acid along with sunscreen can help you in reducing your pigmentation.
Chemical peels: lactic acid, glycolic acid, retinol peels, arginine-based peels can be used to reduce the pigmentation.
Lasers: q-switched lasers with nanosecond pulse technology are ideal for selectively treating melanosomes leading to a decrease in melanin content of the skin, thereby reducing pigmentation.
Fillers: hyaluronic acid (ha) fillers can be used to correct under eye hollows.
Radiofrequency tightening: the given treatment can be used in treating puffiness and the appearance of eye bags.
Fat grafting: fat transfer is a good means to achieve facial rejuvenation.
Platelet-rich plasma: in prp, your own blood is taken from which the plasma is separated using a special machine. The plasma so collected contains various growth factors and proteins which provide nutrition to the skin. It is injected back into the skin. This puts the skin in a healing mode, leading to the rejuvenation of skin around the eyes.

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Dark circles
Periorbital pigmentation in common words is known as under eye dark circles. It is a very common problem nowadays. The condition involves the formation of light-to-dark coloured brownish black spots around the eyelids. It gives a tired look at a person and can affect his/her confidence.

Causes of periorbital pigmentation
Family history- the problem of periorbital pigmentation is considered to have a genetic basis. Many people have pigmentation around the periorbital area in several members of the family. The pigmentation starts early in childhood and gradually increases with age.
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation- a person suffering from frequent allergies may rub and scratch the skin around the eye which can cause pigmentation in that area.
Tear through deformity- the depressed area below the eyelid becomes prominent with age and gives the impression of under eye circles.
• Lack of proper sleep is one of the major causes of the development of under eye circles. Apart from that, stress, alcohol overuse and smoking also contribute to the problem.
• Ultraviolent (uv) rays from the sun can aggravate under eye circles.
• Regular and continuous use of spectacles or contact lenses can cause exhaustion of periorbital muscles, leading to the development of under eye circles.
Anaemia or lack of haemoglobin- when enough oxygen doesn’t reach the periorbital tissues, it can make the periorbital region look comparatively darker.
• Use of several drugs like oral contraceptives, hormone-replacement therapy can lead to periorbital hyperpigmentation.
• Several medical problems also aggravate the dark circles like disorders of heart, thyroid, kidney or liver, vitamin k deficiency and addison’s disease.

Treatment of periorbital pigmentation
Being such a prominent issue, curing dark circles is the mainstay. There are a number of treatments available which can help you to get rid of your dark circles. These treatments include-
Topical therapies: using creams containing hydroquinone, kojic acid, azelaic acid, topical retinoic acid along with sunscreen can help you in reducing your pigmentation.
Chemical peels: lactic acid, glycolic acid, retinol peels, arginine-based peels can be used to reduce the pigmentation.
Lasers: q-switched lasers with nanosecond pulse technology are ideal for selectively treating melanosomes leading to a decrease in melanin content of the skin, thereby reducing pigmentation.
Fillers: hyaluronic acid (ha) fillers can be used to correct under eye hollows.
Radiofrequency tightening: the given treatment can be used in treating puffiness and the appearance of eye bags.
Fat grafting: fat transfer is a good means to achieve facial rejuvenation.
Platelet-rich plasma: in prp, your own blood is taken from which the plasma is separated using a special machine. The plasma so collected contains various growth factors and proteins which provide nutrition to the skin. It is injected back into the skin. This puts the skin in a healing mode, leading to the rejuvenation of skin around the eyes.

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